California's Central Valley is home to about five Kaiser-affiliated hospitals, offering emergency and other medical services 24 hours a day, seven cslifornia a week. West Lancaster, CA Driving directions References Kaiser Permanente: Quick Facts. Written by Max Stirner. Max Stirner is a New York-based writer and editor with over a decade of experience. Richmond, CA 1 0.
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Amber Brenza, CPT. Associate Editorial Director, News. Healthcare is a team sport in which patients and healthcare providers fight against the disease together. We need that bond to be as strong as possible. When seeking care, don't be afraid to ask questions and ask for re-clarification if necessary. Knowledge is power, so the more you understand your health, the more you can advocate for yourself.
Renita White, MD. It's incredibly rewarding to create content that helps readers learn about nutrition and enjoy healthier lives. The internet abounds with health content, and I aim to bring thoughtful and accessible information on health and wellness to all readers. Our Integrity Promise. Written and edited by health experts and journalists. Backed by science-based evidence and research.
Medically reviewed by board-certified healthcare providers. Updated to reflect the latest health and wellness information. Eat Well See All Nutrition. Join our Thanks for Signing Up! Health is a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living; it is a positive concept, emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. Mental, intellectual, emotional and social health referred to a person's ability to handle stress, to acquire skills, to maintain relationships, all of which form resources for resiliency and independent living.
Progress has been limited to many objectives, leading to concerns about the effectiveness of Healthy People in shaping outcomes in the context of a decentralized and uncoordinated US health system. Healthy People gives more prominence to health promotion and preventive approaches and adds a substantive focus on the importance of addressing social determinants of health.
A new expanded digital interface facilitates use and dissemination rather than bulky printed books as produced in the past. The impact of these changes to Healthy People will be determined in the coming years.
Systematic activities to prevent or cure health problems and promote good health in humans are undertaken by health care providers. Applications with regard to animal health are covered by the veterinary sciences. The term "healthy" is also widely used in the context of many types of non-living organizations and their impacts for the benefit of humans, such as in the sense of healthy communities , healthy cities or healthy environments. In addition to health care interventions and a person's surroundings, a number of other factors are known to influence the health status of individuals.
These are referred to as the "determinants of health", which include the individual's background, lifestyle, economic status, social conditions and spirituality; Studies have shown that high levels of stress can affect human health.
In the first decade of the 21st century, the conceptualization of health as an ability opened the door for self-assessments to become the main indicators to judge the performance of efforts aimed at improving human health. In general, the context in which an individual lives is of great importance for both his health status and quality of life. It is increasingly recognized that health is maintained and improved not only through the advancement and application of health science , but also through the efforts and intelligent lifestyle choices of the individual and society.
According to the World Health Organization , the main determinants of health include the social and economic environment, the physical environment, and the person's individual characteristics and behaviors. More specifically, key factors that have been found to influence whether people are healthy or unhealthy include the following:   . An increasing number of studies and reports from different organizations and contexts examine the linkages between health and different factors, including lifestyles, environments, health care organization and health policy , one specific health policy brought into many countries in recent years was the introduction of the sugar tax.
Beverage taxes came into light with increasing concerns about obesity, particularly among youth. Sugar-sweetened beverages have become a target of anti-obesity initiatives with increasing evidence of their link to obesity. The concept of the " health field, " as distinct from medical care , emerged from the Lalonde report from Canada.
The report identified three interdependent fields as key determinants of an individual's health. These are: . The maintenance and promotion of health is achieved through different combination of physical, mental , and social well-being—a combination sometimes referred to as the "health triangle. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.
Focusing more on lifestyle issues and their relationships with functional health, data from the Alameda County Study suggested that people can improve their health via exercise , enough sleep , spending time in nature, maintaining a healthy body weight , limiting alcohol use, and avoiding smoking.
The environment is often cited as an important factor influencing the health status of individuals. This includes characteristics of the natural environment , the built environment and the social environment. Factors such as clean water and air , adequate housing , and safe communities and roads all have been found to contribute to good health, especially to the health of infants and children.
Genetics , or inherited traits from parents, also play a role in determining the health status of individuals and populations. This can encompass both the predisposition to certain diseases and health conditions, as well as the habits and behaviors individuals develop through the lifestyle of their families.
For example, genetics may play a role in the manner in which people cope with stress , either mental, emotional or physical. For example, obesity is a significant problem in the United States that contributes to poor mental health and causes stress in the lives of many people.
A number of health issues are common around the globe. Disease is one of the most common. According to GlobalIssues. Another health issue that causes death or contributes to other health problems is malnutrition , especially among children.
One of the groups malnutrition affects most is young children. Approximately 7. Bodily injuries are also a common health issue worldwide. These injuries, including bone fractures and burns , can reduce a person's quality of life or can cause fatalities including infections that resulted from the injury or the severity injury in general. Lifestyle choices are contributing factors to poor health in many cases. These include smoking cigarettes, and can also include a poor diet, whether it is overeating or an overly constrictive diet.
Inactivity can also contribute to health issues and also a lack of sleep, excessive alcohol consumption, and neglect of oral hygiene. Although the majority of these health issues are preventable, a major contributor to global ill health is the fact that approximately 1 billion people lack access to health care systems. The World Health Organization describes mental health as "a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community".
Mental illness is described as 'the spectrum of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral conditions that interfere with social and emotional well-being and the lives and productivity of people. Having a mental illness can seriously impair, temporarily or permanently, the mental functioning of a person. Other terms include: 'mental health problem', 'illness', 'disorder', 'dysfunction'. Approximately twenty percent of all adults in the US are considered diagnosable with a mental illness.
Mental illnesses are the leading cause of disability in the US and Canada. Examples of these illnesses include schizophrenia , ADHD , major depressive disorder , bipolar disorder , anxiety disorder , post-traumatic stress disorder and autism. Many factors contribute to mental health problems, including: .
Achieving and maintaining health is an ongoing process, shaped by both the evolution of health care knowledge and practices as well as personal strategies and organized interventions for staying healthy. An important way to maintain one's personal health is to have a healthy diet. A healthy diet includes a variety of plant-based and animal-based foods that provide nutrients to the body.
Such nutrients provide the body with energy and keep it running. Nutrients help build and strengthen bones, muscles, and tendons and also regulate body processes i. Water is essential for growth, reproduction and good health. Macronutrients are consumed in relatively large quantities and include proteins, carbohydrates, and fats and fatty acids. Micronutrients — vitamins and minerals — are consumed in relatively smaller quantities, but are essential to body processes.
Each section shows the recommended intake for each food group i. Making healthy food choices can lower one's risk of heart disease and the risk of developing some types of cancer , and can help one maintain their weight within a healthy range. The Mediterranean diet is commonly associated with health-promoting effects. This is sometimes attributed to the inclusion of bioactive compounds such as phenolic compounds , isoprenoids and alkaloids. Physical exercise enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
It strengthens one's bones and muscles and improves the cardiovascular system. According to the National Institutes of Health , there are four types of exercise: endurance , strength , flexibility , and balance. Participating in any exercising, whether it is housework, yardwork, walking or standing up when talking on the phone, is often thought to be better than none when it comes to health.
Sleep is an essential component to maintaining health. In children, sleep is also vital for growth and development. Ongoing sleep deprivation has been linked to an increased risk for some chronic health problems. In addition, sleep deprivation has been shown to correlate with both increased susceptibility to illness and slower recovery times from illness.
Health science is the branch of science focused on health. There are two main approaches to health science: the study and research of the body and health-related issues to understand how humans and animals function, and the application of that knowledge to improve health and to prevent and cure diseases and other physical and mental impairments. The science builds on many sub-fields, including biology , biochemistry , physics , epidemiology , pharmacology , medical sociology. Applied health sciences endeavor to better understand and improve human health through applications in areas such as health education , biomedical engineering , biotechnology and public health.
Organized interventions to improve health based on the principles and procedures developed through the health sciences are provided by practitioners trained in medicine , nursing , nutrition , pharmacy , social work , psychology , occupational therapy , physical therapy and other health care professions.
Clinical practitioners focus mainly on the health of individuals, while public health practitioners consider the overall health of communities and populations.
Workplace wellness programs are increasingly being adopted by companies for their value in improving the health and well-being of their employees, as are school health services in order to improve the health and well-being of children. Contemporary medicine is in general conducted within health care systems.
Legal, credentialing and financing frameworks are established by individual governments, augmented on occasion by international organizations, such as churches.
The characteristics of any given health care system have significant impact on the way medical care is provided. From ancient times, Christian emphasis on practical charity gave rise to the development of systematic nursing and hospitals and the Catholic Church today remains the largest non-government provider of medical services in the world. This is intended to ensure that the entire population has access to medical care on the basis of need rather than ability to pay.
Delivery may be via private medical practices or by state-owned hospitals and clinics, or by charities, most commonly by a combination of all three. Most tribal societies provide no guarantee of healthcare for the population as a whole.
In such societies, healthcare is available to those that can afford to pay for it or have self-insured it either directly or as part of an employment contract or who may be covered by care financed by the government or tribe directly.
Transparency of information is another factor defining a delivery system. While the US healthcare system has come under fire for lack of openness,  new legislation may encourage greater openness. There is a perceived tension between the need for transparency on the one hand and such issues as patient confidentiality and the possible exploitation of information for commercial gain on the other.
Provision of medical care is classified into primary, secondary, and tertiary care categories. Primary care medical services are provided by physicians , physician assistants , nurse practitioners , or other health professionals who have first contact with a patient seeking medical treatment or care. These include treatment of acute and chronic illnesses, preventive care and health education for all ages and both sexes.
Secondary care medical services are provided by medical specialists in their offices or clinics or at local community hospitals for a patient referred by a primary care provider who first diagnosed or treated the patient.
These include both ambulatory care and inpatient services, Emergency departments , intensive care medicine , surgery services, physical therapy , labor and delivery , endoscopy units, diagnostic laboratory and medical imaging services, hospice centers, etc.
Some primary care providers may also take care of hospitalized patients and deliver babies in a secondary care setting. Tertiary care medical services are provided by specialist hospitals or regional centers equipped with diagnostic and treatment facilities not generally available at local hospitals. These include trauma centers , burn treatment centers, advanced neonatology unit services, organ transplants , high-risk pregnancy, radiation oncology , etc.
Modern medical care also depends on information — still delivered in many health care settings on paper records, but increasingly nowadays by electronic means. In low-income countries, modern healthcare is often too expensive for the average person. International healthcare policy researchers have advocated that "user fees" be removed in these areas to ensure access, although even after removal, significant costs and barriers remain. Separation of prescribing and dispensing is a practice in medicine and pharmacy in which the physician who provides a medical prescription is independent from the pharmacist who provides the prescription drug.
In the Western world there are centuries of tradition for separating pharmacists from physicians. In Asian countries, it is traditional for physicians to also provide drugs. Public health has been described as "the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals.
The population in question can be as small as a handful of people or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents for instance, in the case of a pandemic. Public health has many sub-fields, but typically includes the interdisciplinary categories of epidemiology , biostatistics and health services. Environmental health , community health , behavioral health , and occupational health are also important areas of public health.
The focus of public health interventions is to prevent and manage diseases, injuries and other health conditions through surveillance of cases and the promotion of healthy behavior , communities , and in aspects relevant to human health environments. Its aim is to prevent health problems from happening or re-occurring by implementing educational programs , developing policies , administering services and conducting research.
Vaccination programs and distribution of condoms to prevent the spread of communicable diseases are examples of common preventive public health measures, as are educational campaigns to promote vaccination and the use of condoms including overcoming resistance to such. Public health also takes various actions to limit the health disparities between different areas of the country and, in some cases, the continent or world. One issue is the access of individuals and communities to health care in terms of financial, geographical or socio-cultural constraints.
The great positive impact of public health programs is widely acknowledged. Due in part to the policies and actions developed through public health, the 20th century registered a decrease in the mortality rates for infants and children and a continual increase in life expectancy in most parts of the world.
For example, it is estimated that life expectancy has increased for Americans by thirty years since ,  and worldwide by six years since Personal health depends partially on the active, passive, and assisted cues people observe and adopt about their own health.
These include personal actions for preventing or minimizing the effects of a disease, usually a chronic condition, through integrative care. They also include personal hygiene practices to prevent infection and illness, such as bathing and washing hands with soap; brushing and flossing teeth ; storing, preparing and handling food safely ; and many others.
The information gleaned from personal observations of daily living — such as about sleep patterns, exercise behavior, nutritional intake and environmental features — may be used to inform personal decisions and actions e.
Personal health also depends partially on the social structure of a person's life. The maintenance of strong social relationships , volunteering , and other social activities have been linked to positive mental health and also increased longevity.
One American study among seniors over age 70, found that frequent volunteering was associated with reduced risk of dying compared with older persons who did not volunteer, regardless of physical health status. Prolonged psychological stress may negatively impact health, and has been cited as a factor in cognitive impairment with aging, depressive illness, and expression of disease. Relaxation techniques are physical methods used to relieve stress.
Psychological methods include cognitive therapy , meditation , and positive thinking , which work by reducing response to stress. Improving relevant skills, such as problem solving and time management skills, reduces uncertainty and builds confidence, which also reduces the reaction to stress-causing situations where those skills are applicable.
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