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It is a designated Outstanding Florida Waters. Earthquakes are rare because Florida is not located near any tectonic plate boundaries. The largest metropolitan area in the state as well as the entire southeastern United States is the Miami metropolitan area , with about 6.
The Tampa Bay Area , with more than 3. Forty-three of Florida's 67 counties are in an MSA. The legal name in Florida for a city, town or village is "municipality". In Florida there is no legal difference between towns, villages and cities.
Florida is a highly urbanized state, with 89 percent of its population living in urban areas in , compared to 79 percent nationally. Census Bureau estimated that the population of Florida was 21,, on July 1, , a The center of population has moved less than 5 miles 8 km to the east and approximately 1 mile 1.
Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program. In , undocumented immigrants constituted an estimated 5. This was the sixth highest percentage of any U. In , 6. As of [update] , those of non-Hispanic white European ancestry accounted for Out of the Some native white Floridians, especially those who have descended from long-time Florida families, may refer to themselves as " Florida crackers "; others see the term as a derogatory one. Like whites in most other states of the southern U.
As of , those of Hispanic or Latino ancestry accounted for The Hispanic community continues to grow more affluent and mobile. Florida has a large and diverse Hispanic population, with Cubans and Puerto Ricans being the largest groups in the state. Aside from the dominant Cuban and Puerto Rican populations, there are also large populations of Mexicans, Colombians, Venezuelans and Dominicans, among numerous other groups, as most Latino groups have sizable numbers in the state.
As of [update] , those of African ancestry accounted for They moved for jobs, better education for their children and the chance to vote and participate in society. Aside from blacks descended from African slaves brought to the southern U. As of [update] , those of Asian ancestry accounted for 2. As of , Florida contains the highest percentage of people over 65 In , Hispanic and Latinos of any race s made up In , English was affirmed as the state's official language in the Florida Constitution.
Spanish is also widely spoken, especially as immigration has continued from Latin America. Twenty-seven percent of Florida's population reports speaking a mother language other than English, and more than first languages other than English are spoken at home in the state.
The most common languages spoken in Florida as a first language in are: . Protestants account for almost half of the population, but the Catholic Church is the largest single denomination in the state mainly due to its large Hispanic population and other groups like Haitians. Protestants are very diverse, although Baptists , Methodists , Pentecostals and nondenominational Protestants are the largest groups.
There is also a sizable Jewish community in South Florida. This is the largest Jewish population in the southern U. The Pew Research Center survey in gave the following religious makeup of Florida: .
The basic structure, duties, function, and operations of the government of the State of Florida are defined and established by the Florida Constitution , which establishes the basic law of the state and guarantees various rights and freedoms of the people.
The state government consists of three separate branches: judicial, executive, and legislative. The legislature enacts bills, which, if signed by the governor , become law. The Florida Legislature comprises the Florida Senate , which has 40 members, and the Florida House of Representatives , which has members. The current governor of Florida is Ron DeSantis. The Florida Supreme Court consists of a chief justice and six justices.
Florida has 67 counties. Some reference materials may show only 66 because Duval County is consolidated with the City of Jacksonville. There are cities in Florida out of that report regularly to the Florida Department of Revenue, but there are other incorporated municipalities that do not. The state government's primary revenue source is sales tax. Florida does not impose a personal income tax. The primary revenue source for cities and counties is property tax; unpaid taxes are subject to tax sales , which are held at the county level in May and due to the extensive use of online bidding sites are highly popular.
There were federal corruption convictions from to , more than any other state. In a study, Florida was ranked as the 11th hardest state for citizens to vote in. From to , most voters were registered Democrats, but the state voted for the Republican presidential candidate in every election except for The following year, Congress passed and President Lyndon B.
Johnson signed the Voting Rights Act of , providing for oversight of state practices and enforcement of constitutional voting rights for African Americans and other minorities in order to prevent the discrimination and disenfranchisement which had excluded most of them for decades from the political process.
From the s through much of the s, Florida was essentially a one-party state dominated by white conservative Democrats, who together with other Democrats of the Solid South , exercised considerable control in Congress. They have gained slightly less federal money from national programs than they have paid in taxes.
Though the majority of registered voters in Florida are Democrats,  it continued to support Republican presidential candidates through , except in and , when the Democratic nominee was from the South. In the and presidential elections, Barack Obama carried the state as a northern Democrat, attracting high voter turnout, especially among the young, independents, and minority voters, of whom Hispanics comprise an increasingly large proportion.
Roosevelt carried the state for the fourth time, that Florida was carried by a Northern Democrat for president. Cramer in from Pinellas County on the Gulf Coast,  where demographic changes were underway. In this period, African Americans were still disenfranchised by the state's constitution and discriminatory practices; in the 19th century, they had made up most of the Republican Party.
Cramer built a different Republican Party in Florida, attracting local white conservatives and transplants from northern and midwestern states.
In , Claude R. Kirk, Jr. Gurney , also a white conservative, was elected as the state's first post-reconstruction Republican US senator. Florida is sometimes considered a bellwether state in presidential elections because every candidate who won the state from until won the election. In , Democratic voters dominated areas of the state with a high percentage of racial minorities and transplanted white liberals from the northeastern United States, known colloquially as "snowbirds".
Because of this, the area has consistently voted as one of the most Democratic areas of the state. The Daytona Beach area is similar demographically and the city of Orlando has a large Hispanic population, which has often favored Democrats. Republicans, made up mostly of white conservatives, have dominated throughout much of the rest of Florida, particularly in the more rural and suburban areas. This is characteristic of its voter base throughout the Deep South. Petersburg , has had a fairly even breakdown of Republican and Democratic voters.
The area is often seen as a merging point of the conservative northern portion of the state and the liberal southern portion, making it the biggest swing area in the state. The Democratic Party maintained an edge in voter registration, both statewide and in 18 of the 67 counties, including Miami-Dade , Broward , and Palm Beach counties, the state's three most populous.
In , George W. Bush won the U. Reapportionment following the United States census gave the state two more seats in the House of Representatives. In , the Florida Supreme Court ruled on appeal that the congressional districts had to be redrawn because of the legislature's violation of the Fair District Amendments to the state constitution passed in ; it accepted a new map in early December The political make-up of congressional and legislative districts has enabled Republicans to control the governorship and most statewide elective offices, and 17 of the state's 27 seats in the House of Representatives.
In the closely contested election , the state played a pivotal role. Florida's felony disenfranchisement law is more severe than most European nations or other American states. A study in the American Sociological Review concluded that "if the state's , disenfranchised felons had voted at the same rate as other Floridians, Democratic candidate Al Gore would have won Florida—and the presidency—by more than 80, votes.
In , delegates of both the Republican Florida primary election and Democratic Florida primary election were stripped of half of their votes when the conventions met in August due to violation of both parties' national rules. In the elections, Republicans solidified their dominance statewide, by winning the governor's mansion, and maintaining firm majorities in both houses of the state legislature.
They won four previously Democratic-held seats to create a 19—6 Republican majority delegation representing Florida in the federal House of Representatives. These have become known as the Fair District Amendments. The court ruled in , after lengthy testimony, that at least two districts had to be redrawn because of gerrymandering.
After this was appealed, in July the Florida Supreme Court ruled that lawmakers had followed an illegal and unconstitutional process overly influenced by party operatives, and ruled that at least eight districts had to be redrawn. On December 2, , a 5—2 majority of the Court accepted a new map of congressional districts, some of which was drawn by challengers. Their ruling affirmed the map previously approved by Leon County Judge Terry Lewis, who had overseen the original trial.
It particularly makes changes in South Florida. There are likely to be additional challenges to the map and districts. The state switched back to the GOP in the presidential election , and again in , when Donald Trump headed the party's ticket both times. In the elections , the ratio of Republican to Democratic representation fell from to Senate election between Democratic incumbent senator Bill Nelson and then governor Rick Scott was close, with Republicans also held onto the governorship in a close race between Republican candidate Ron DeSantis and Democratic candidate Andrew Gillum , with The unexpectedly large margin of victory led many pundits to question Florida's perennial status as a swing state, and instead identify it as a red state.
In November , for the first time in Florida's history, the total number of registered Republican voters exceeded the number of registered Democrats. In , the state made personal injury protection auto insurance mandatory for drivers, becoming the second in the nation to enact a no-fault insurance law.
Capital punishment is applied in Florida. The only two sentences available for that statute are life imprisonment and the death penalty. The maximum prison term is life. Florida approved its lottery by amending the constitution in It approved slot machines in Broward and Miami-Dade County in It has disapproved casinos outside of sovereign Seminole and Miccosukee tribal areas three times: , , and Tax is collected by the Florida Department of Revenue.
There were 2. The state has a program for those not covered by Medicaid. In , Florida refused to participate in providing coverage for the uninsured under the Affordable Care Act , colloquially called Obamacare. The Florida legislature also refused to accept additional Federal funding for Medicaid, although this would have helped its constituents at no cost to the state. As a result, Florida is second only to Texas in the percentage of its citizens without health insurance. Florida has the largest collection of Art Deco and Streamline Moderne buildings, both in the United States and in the entire world, most of which are located in the Miami metropolitan area , especially Miami Beach 's Art Deco District , constructed as the city was becoming a resort destination.
Being of early importance as a regional center of banking and finance, the architecture of Jacksonville displays a wide variety of styles and design principles. Many of the state's earliest skyscrapers were constructed in Jacksonville, dating as far back as ,  and last holding a state height record from to Some sections of the state feature architectural styles including Spanish revival , Florida vernacular , and Mediterranean Revival.
Augustine , the oldest continuously occupied European-established settlement within the borders of the United States. In , Florida was ranked the third best state in America for K education , outperforming the nation in 15 out of 18 metrics in Education Week 's Quality Counts report. With an educational system made up of public school districts and independent private institutions , Florida had 2,, students enrolled in 4, public primary, secondary, and vocational schools in Florida's 67 regular or seven special school districts as of [update].
Florida's primary and secondary school systems are administered by the Florida Department of Education. School districts are organized within county boundaries. Each school district has an elected Board of Education that sets policy, budget, goals, and approves expenditures. Management is the responsibility of a Superintendent of schools. During the academic year, , students attended one of these twelve universities. The Florida College System comprises 28 public community and state colleges with 68 campuses spread out throughout the state.
In , enrollment consisted of more than , students. The Independent Colleges and Universities of Florida is an association of 30 private, educational institutions in the state. The University of Miami , located in Coral Gables , is one of the top private research institutions in the United States. Florida's first private university, Stetson University , was founded in Florida's highway system contains 1, mi 2, km of interstate highway, and 10, mi 17, km of non-interstate highway, such as state highways and U.
Florida's interstates , state highways , and U. Highways are maintained by the Florida Department of Transportation. In , there were about 9, retail gas stations in the state. Floridians consumed 21 million gallons of gasoline daily in , ranking it third in national use behind California and Texas. Drivers between 15 and 19 years of age averaged car crashes a year per ten thousand licensed Florida drivers in Drivers 70 and older averaged 95 per 10, during the same time frame.
A spokesperson for the non-profit Insurance Institute stated "Older drivers are more of a threat to themselves. Intercity bus travel, which utilizes Florida's highway system, is provided by Greyhound , Megabus , and Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach. Before the construction of routes under the Federal Aid Highway Act of , Florida began construction of a long cross-state toll road , Florida's Turnpike.
After a second section north through Orlando to Wildwood near present-day The Villages , and a southward extension around Miami to Homestead , it was finished in Florida has public airports. Florida gained its first permanent major-league professional sports team in when the American Football League added the Miami Dolphins.
Florida has given professional sports franchises some subsidies in the form of tax breaks since About half of all Major League Baseball teams conduct spring training in the state, with teams informally organized into the " Grapefruit League ". Throughout MLB history, other teams have held spring training in Florida. The 24 Hours of Daytona is one of the world's most prestigious endurance auto races.
The Grand Prix of St. Florida is a major golf hub. Florida has teams in all five American major league sports. There are minor league baseball, football , basketball, ice hockey , soccer and indoor football teams based in Florida. Florida's universities have a number of collegiate sport programs.
The majority of the symbols were chosen after ; only the two oldest symbols—the state flower chosen in , and the state bird chosen in , and the state nickname chosen in —are not listed in the Florida Statutes. Article Talk. This article is about the U. For other uses, see Florida disambiguation. Sunshine State   . In God We Trust .
Britton Hill  . Atlantic Ocean . Flag of Florida. Main article: History of Florida. The Historic Call-Collins House, the Grove, built by slaves in the s, is an antebellum plantation house in Tallahassee. Main article: Florida in the American Civil War. See also: American Civil War and Reconstruction era.
Main article: Geography of Florida. Main article: Climate of Florida. See also: List of Florida hurricanes and U. Further information: Fauna of Florida and List of invasive species in Florida. Further information: Florida mangroves and List of invasive plant species in Florida. Main article: Florida Reef. Main article: Environment of Florida.
See also: Environmental issues in Florida. Main article: Geology of Florida. See also: List of metropolitan areas of Florida , List of municipalities in Florida , and List of urbanized areas in Florida by population.
Largest cities or towns in Florida Source: . Main article: Demographics of Florida. See also: Culture of Florida. Religion in Florida  Protestant. Main article: Government of Florida. Main article: United States presidential election in Florida, See also: Law of Florida.
Main article: Economy of Florida. See also: Architecture of Miami and Architecture of Jacksonville. Main article: Education in Florida. See also: List of colleges and universities in Florida , List of high schools in Florida , and List of school districts in Florida.
Main article: Transportation in Florida. See also: List of airports in Florida and Aviation in Florida. Further information: Transportation in South Florida.
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Florida has the largest coastline in the contiguous United States and is surrounded by the Gulf of Mexico to the west; by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and by the Straits of Florida to the south. Regional Maps : Map of North America. The above blank map represents the State of Florida, located in the far southeastern region of the United States. The above map can be downloaded, printed and used for geography education purposes like map-pointing and coloring activities. The above outline map represents the State of Florida, located in the far southeastern region of the United States.
Florida has been nicknamed as the "Sunshine State. This page was last updated on January 10, Counties Map Where is Florida? Outline Map Key Facts. See also: Florida Flag Florida Symbols. West Palm Beach, Florida.
Jan 10, · With an area of , sq. km, the State of Florida is the 3 rd most populous state in the USA. Located in Leon County, in the heart of the state’s northern panhandle region is Tallahassee – the capital city of Florida. Tallahassee serves as an educational hub for both Florida and the USA. AmeriHealth Caritas Florida recognizes that our provider partnerships are a major factor . State of Florida Directory An online telephone and email directory for State Government agencies and employees in Florida. Please notify us of any technical issues with this site.